Xenophilia (True Strange Stuff)

Blog of the real Xenophilius Lovegood, a slightly mad scientist

Archive for the ‘Survival’ Category

No water deliveries for CA agriculture

Posted by Anonymous on February 23, 2014

20140223-101321.jpgFriday’s announcement by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation follows an earlier warning of no irrigation deliveries from the California State Water Project and leaves Central Valley farms and cities with only wells and stored water to get through the worst drought since the state began keeping records in the 1800s.

Statewide, some 8 million acres of farmland rely on federal or state irrigation water.

California Gov. Jerry Brown has declared a state of emergency following reports that the water content of snow in Northern California’s Sierra Nevada, whose spring runoff is stored in reservoirs and moved by canals to other areas of the state, stands at 29% of normal.

“This low allocation is yet another indicator of the impacts the severe drought is having on California communities, agriculture, businesses, power, and the environment,” said Michael Connor, commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. “We will monitor the hydrology as the water year progresses and continue to look for opportunities to exercise operational flexibility in future allocations.”

The announcement is significant because California is the largest U.S. agriculture producer. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s most recent California Agricultural Statistics for the 2012 crop year, the state remains the leading state in cash farm receipts, with more than 350 commodities representing $44.7 billion, or 11% of the U.S. total, in 2012. Over a third of the U.S.’s vegetables and almost two-thirds of its fruits and nuts were produced in California, the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service said in a report.

Milk, grapes, almonds, strawberries, lettuce and tomatoes are among the state’s top-10 valued commodities, California’s Department of Food & Agriculture said. …

The federal agency’s announcement will particularly affect San Joaquin Valley farmers who are last in line to receive federal water, San Jose Mercury News reported, adding that many farmers will have to pump already overtaxed wells or leave fields fallow this year. Farmers will leave 500,000 acres of fallow this year, the paper quoted Mike Wade, executive director of the California Farm Water Coalition, as saying.

Bloomberg News reported the state has identified 10 rural towns with fewer than 100 days of water supply remaining. …

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/california-farm-drought-crisis-deepens-2014-02-22-16103424

We are falling to an alien invasion. The reptilians have made deals with our politicians to destroy the planet. This is why they are watching everyone, to quell the coming unrest that is inevitable. The flying triangles are up there right now, hovering invisibly. When the time comes, they will paralyze you with a beam and then cook you alive with radiation. Next, the lizard people will scurry over the face of the earth eating the sheep. That’s you. Game over.

Posted in Survival | 3 Comments »

Beijing smog: industry getting away with mass murder

Posted by Anonymous on February 23, 2014

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Beijing faced some of its worst smog levels ever starting Friday, when the government raised the city’s four-tiered smog alert to “orange,” the second-highest level on the Chinese government’s air pollution urgency system. The alert prompted schools to cancel outside sports and health officials to issue advisories suggesting children and the elderly stay indoors.

The orange level alert was raised on Friday as heavy smog rolled into China’s capital, blanketing the city in a thick, gray haze that is expected to last for the next three days. According to the Associated Press, government officials were reluctant to raise the urgency level to orange because it would be difficult to enforce certain measures – like taking half of the city’s cars off the road – meant to alleviate high levels of pollution, but public outcry on the Internet and in the media pressured the government to issue the warning.

“When the alert is at a low level, the measures are not effective, but those for the high-level alert are not feasible,” Ma Jun, of the non-governmental Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs in Beijing, told the Associated Press. “The government is reluctant to raise the alert level.”

Beijing’s tiered air pollution alert system was introduced last October. Despite periods of heavy and dangerous smog, the plan’s stricter measures have never been implemented.

The orange alert also led to bans on barbeques, fireworks and even halted demolition work in the city. Reuters reports that if the pollution urgency alert is raised to “red” – the highest level – the government would be forced to close schools and yank half the city’s vehicles off the road, based on the last number on their license plates.

According to Reuters, city officials sent inspectors to several factories around the capital and warned them that any emissions violations they found would be met with fines.

If the current level of air pollution in Beijing lasts for more than three days, the government will have to raise the urgency level to red.

In January, Beijing officials recorded dangerous levels of poisonous smog. Density readings that measure the amount of particulate matter in the air exceeded 500 micrograms per cubic meter – about 20 times as high as what the World Health Organization considers safe.

Over the past several decades, as China has rapidly developed, tons of pollutants have been spewed into the air. Health officials estimate that China’s air pollution is killing hundreds of thousands of people every year. Between 2002 and 2011, lung cancer cases in Beijing nearly doubled. …

http://www.ibtimes.com/beijing-air-pollution-alert-raised-orange-first-time-after-smog-levels-become-hazardous-1557352

This situation is disgusting and shameful, a great example of lies and collectively broken priorities. Auto pollution is only 4% of the problem. Everyone there must wake up, understand the most significant contributors and then care enough to change and stop fouling the air. There is no doubt that the air pollution is killing people. Is that what you get in Beijing for murder, a fine?

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Emissions from coal plants in China were responsible for a quarter of a million premature deaths in 2011 and are damaging the health of hundreds of thousands of Chinese children, according to a new study.

The study by a US air pollution expert, commissioned by Greenpeace, comes as many areas in northern and eastern China have been experiencing hazardous levels of air pollution in recent weeks.

In some eastern cities including Shanghai, levels were off the index that tracks dangerous pollution, with schools closing and flights being cancelled or diverted. Sales of air purifiers and face masks have soared with many retailers selling out of stock as residents try to protect themselves from the poisonous smog. In Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces visibility was reduced to less than 50 metres earlier this week and in the city of Nanjing a red alert for pollution was maintained for five consecutive days.

The analysis traced the chemicals which are made airborne from burning coal and found a number of health damages were caused as a result. It estimates that coal burning in China was responsible for reducing the lives of 260,000 people in 2011. It also found that in the same year it led to 320,000 children and 61,000 adults suffering from asthma, 36,000 babies being born with low weight and was responsible for 340,000 hospital visits and 141 million days of sick leave.

“This study provides an unprecedentedly detailed picture of the health fallout from China’s coal burning,” said Dr Andrew Gray, a US-based expert on air pollution, who conducted the research. Using computer simulations, Gray said he was able to “draw a clear map tracing the trail of health damages left by the coal fumes released by every power plant in China, untangling the contribution of individual companies, provinces and power stations to the air pollution crisis gripping the country.”

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/dec/12/china-coal-emissions-smog-deaths

Posted in Earth, Health, Survival | Leave a Comment »

Eight Banker Suicides Mystery Deepens

Posted by Anonymous on February 21, 2014

Leap: JPMorgan confirmed that a 'tragic incident' had taken place at its offices in Chater House, where it occupies the top 10 floors

… “RIP … What happened to all the promises and plans you made? What happened to your return to Toronto? I didn’t know you were that upset! I will miss you always,” remarked the friend. Junjie had recently bought a HK$5.5 million apartment in Hong Kong and friends commented on how he always had a smile on his face.The fact that Junjie did not seem to be depressed and had made specific future plans suggests that his suicide was quite spontaneous and may have been in response to information he was told or had uncovered in the 48 hours preceding his death. .

.. Grady Means, economist and advisor to Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, predicted that the 4th of March 2014 would be the date on which the economic collapse accelerated, followed by, “A run on the bank (that) will start suddenly, build quickly and snowball.” “The doomsday clock will ring then because the U.S. economy may fully crash around that date, which will, in turn, bring down all world economies and all hope of any recovery for the foreseeable future – certainly over the course of most of our lifetimes,” wrote Means in a 2012 Washington Times editorial.  infowars

Last month, Gabriel Magee, an American senior manager, 39, fell from the 33-storey skyscraper at around 8am and was found on the ninth floor roof, which surrounds the Canary Wharf skyscraper. His body was left in full view of City workers in surrounding buildings for up to four hours as police investigated the death. He was a vice president in the corporate and investment bank technology department having joined in 2004, moving to Britain from the United States in 2007. Mr Magee, who lived in North London, was an expert in highly specialist software which reaps huge profits for the US company by predicting market patterns.

Senior colleagues were last night investigating Mr Magee’s  recent workload as rumours swirled around the City over what may have prompted his death. Last night a colleague said: ‘They’re going to be going through his stuff to try to find out if  he’d made some kind of terrible error. It’s possible he had been in the office all night trying to put it right before the fall.’  dailymail | dailymail

[Ryan Henry Crane, Executive Director Global Program Trading ] was the head at the program trading desk. Meaning he over saw all of the trades and was familiar with all of the software( trade platforms) that these trades were done in. This job works closely with guess what? That’s right the London desk and who died last week in London? That’s right Gabriel Magee the one who jumped off the 33rd floor. What was his post? Head of IT and trade platforms meaning he had access to info that Ryan Henry Cross would have. They knew each other and uncovered something they were about the same age and these hits happen when two big announcements by JPM. One they are out of commodities and two the wholesale selling of their HQ downtown.  beforeitsnews

Seven Dead Bankers, No Questions Asked… What is going on with this apparent epidemic of banker “suicides”?  Is anyone buying this as suicides?  Can so many bankers be so mentally ill that they would all decide to go at the same time?  … Did they sing to government investigators?  Did they talk to missing Wall Street Journal reporter David Bird?  Were they whistleblowers?  Were they negotiating for sentencing?  Were they going to sell out their masters?  … Dead men tell no tales…  pepeledog

Russell Investments chief economist Mike Dueker was discovered dead from an apparent suicide Thursday, January 30, 2013. It was the fourth such instance of suicide by a prominent banker in just a week’s time. Dueker, who had previously been an assistant vice-president of the St. Louis Federal Reserve, had worked for Russell since 2008. William Brocksmit, a 58-year-old former senior executive at Duetsche Bank AG, was found dead of a suicide in his home in London on January 26, 2014. On January 27, 2014, at the Shangra-La Hotel in Bangkok, Thailand, international banker Karl Slym, there to attend a board meeting of Tata Motors, was found to have committed suicide in his hotel room. The next day, January 28, 2014, in London, 39-year-old Gabriel Magee, of JP Morgan, jumped from the roof of the company’s European headquarters.  wikinut

1 – William ‘Bill’ Broeksmit, 58-year-old former senior executive at Deutsche Bank AG, was found dead in his home after an apparent suicide in South Kensington in central London, on January 26th.

2- Karl Slym, 51 year old Tata Motors managing director Karl Slym, was found dead on the fourth floor of the Shangri-La hotel in Bangkok on January 27th.

3 – Gabriel Magee, a 39-year-old JP Morgan employee, died after falling from the roof of the JP Morgan European headquarters in London on January 27th.

4 – Mike Dueker, 50-year-old chief economist of a US investment bank was found dead close to the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington State.

5 – Richard Talley, the 57 year old founder of American Title Services in Centennial, Colorado, was found dead earlier this month after apparently shooting himself with a nail gun.

6 -Tim Dickenson, a U.K.-based communications director at Swiss Re AG, also died last month, however the circumstances surrounding his death are still unknown.

7 – Ryan Henry Crane, a 37 year old executive at JP Morgan died in an alleged suicide just a few weeks ago.  No details have been released about his death aside from this small obituary announcement at the Stamford Daily Voice.

8 – Dennis Li Junjie, 33-year-old banker in Hong Kong jumped from the JP Morgan HQ in Hong Kong this week.

Makes no sense. There was obviously a time before this modern world where people survived. Even in a complete crash people need the basics.

Posted in Crime, Money, Politics, Strange, Survival | Leave a Comment »

Fukushima cleanup brainstorming

Posted by Anonymous on February 6, 2014

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http://www.fukushima-blog.com/article-the-geology-of-fukushima-88575278.html

Fukushima. Everyone should be working in some way to fix this deadly problem, and I don’t mean just sending money to relief workers , although that’s nice.

There are three different big problems at Fukushima: missing reactor cores, waste water, and fuel rods. Any one of these is a global threat that requires a global response.

Estimates say 300 tons (71,895 gallons/272,152 liters) of contaminated water is flowing into the ocean every day. Contamination of the ocean has been going on since the 2011 disaster and will reach the US this year.

The first six ideas below are things I’ve heard and why I think they won’t work. The seventh is my current best idea.

1. Shoot the waste water into space

- the water is too heavy, we can’t concentrate it enough, more waste is being constantly produced

2. Dump the radioactive water into an active volcano

- magma comes *out* of volcanoes, transporting it is not feasible

3. Pump the water into a subduction zone under the earth

- the mantle is mostly a very slow moving solid and the movement is too slow. It would sit there for thousands of years, transporting it would be too costly, no practical way to drill into such a place.

4. Release it all into the ocean.

- same as doing nothing, this would kill the pacific ocean, reducing world atmospheric oxygen, eventually killing most life on earth.

5. Transport the waste water by pipeline to an existing nuclear waste area.

- potential disaster all along the pipeline, does not address the reactors making new waste constantly.

6. Detonating a 25-km radius neutron bomb at the Fukushima plant to turn off the nuclear reactions taking place, and neutralize the radiation from radioactive particles that have been emitted within that radius.

- Neutrons can transmute uranium, but you there would not be enough from a bomb. You’d just create more nuclear material.

7. Use tunnel boring machines to dig under Fukishima, then explode nuclear bombs deep underground to create giant cavities into which the contaminated water could be pumped. Use robotic tunnelers to dig from the nuclear caverns up to the sites of the disaster and let the waste fall down the tunnels into the caverns.

It is most likely that removal of the most precarious 1,533 fuel rods will fail. The result could be a nuclear disaster unlike any ever experienced. It might be an explosion, a nuclear fire or chain reaction that sets off the other 11,000 fuel rods.

The biggest and most immediate challenge is the 1,533 spent fuel rods packed tightly in a pool four floors above Reactor 4. Before the storm hit, those rods had been removed for routine maintenance of the reactor. But, now they are stored 100 feet in the air in damaged racks. They weigh a total of 400 tons and contain radiation equivalent to 14,000 times the amount released by the Hiroshima atomic bomb.
The building in which these rods are stored has been damaged. TEPCO reinforced it with a steel frame, but the building itself is buckling and sagging, vulnerable to collapse if another earthquake or storm hits the area. Additionally, the ground under and around the building is becoming saturated with water, which further undermines the integrity of the structure and could cause it to tilt.
How dangerous are these fuel rods? Harvey Wasserman explains that the fuel rods are clad in zirconium which can ignite if they lose coolant. They could also ignite or explode if rods break or hit each other. Wasserman reports that some say this could result in a fission explosion like an atomic bomb, others say that is not what would happen, but agree it would be “a reaction like we have never seen before, a nuclear fire releasing incredible amounts of radiation,” says Wasserman.

These are not the only spent fuel rods at the plant, they are just the most precarious. There are 11,000 fuel rods scattered around the plant, 6,000 in a cooling pool less than 50 meters from the sagging Reactor 4. If a fire erupts in the spent fuel pool at Reactor 4, it could ignite the rods in the cooling pool and lead to an even greater release of radiation. It could set off a chain reaction that could not be stopped.

My drastic solution is to dig caverns under the mess with bombs and use tunnel machines so it all falls in. Think big and go for the long term fix.

- How many miles thick is the crust under Fukishima?

Posted in Earth, Radiation, Survival | Leave a Comment »

Japanese government seeks approval to dump Fukushima groundwater into sea

Posted by Anonymous on February 5, 2014

20140205-081416.jpgThe government on Monday sought approval of a nationwide fisheries federation to dump groundwater at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex into the sea on condition that the water’s contamination level is far below the legal limit.

During talks with the head of the National Federation of Fisheries Co-operative Associations, industry ministry officials explained that they plan to set “strict” operational procedures for the pump system to allay the concerns of fishermen who think the move could deal a blow to their business.

Groundwater will be pumped out before it gets mixed with highly radioactive water accumulating at the basement of reactor buildings, and will be directed to the adjacent Pacific Ocean.

http://www.infowars.com/japanese-government-seeks-approval-to-dump-fukushima-groundwater-into-sea/

How about no? Dig down to the magma and pump the contaminated water all down there. We’ve killed the ocean enough already. We need it to survive.

Posted in Earth, Health, Radiation, Survival | 1 Comment »

Salty soil can suck water out of atmosphere: Could it happen on Mars? -

Posted by Anonymous on February 2, 2014

A new study, led by an Oregon State University geologist, has found that that the salty soils in the region actually suck moisture out of the atmosphere, raising the possibility that such a process could take place on Mars or on other planets.

The study, which was supported by the National Science Foundation, has been published online this week in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, and will appear in a forthcoming printed edition.

Joseph Levy, a post-doctoral researcher in OSU’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, said it takes a combination of the right kinds of salts and sufficient humidity to make the process work. But those ingredients are present on Mars and, in fact, in many desert areas on Earth, he pointed out.

“The soils in the area have a fair amount of salt from sea spray and from ancient fjords that flooded the region,” said Levy, who earned his doctorate at Brown University. “Salts from snowflakes also settle into the valleys and can form areas of very salty soil. With the right kinds of salts, and enough humidity, those salty soils suck the water right out of the air.

“If you have sodium chloride, or table salt, you may need a day with 75 percent humidity to make it work,” he added. “But if you have calcium chloride, even on a frigid day, you only need a humidity level above 35 percent to trigger the response.”

Once a brine forms by sucking water vapor out of the air, Levy said, the brine will keep collecting water vapor until it equalizes with the atmosphere.

“It’s kind of like a siphon made from salt.”

Levy and his colleagues, from Portland State University and Ohio State University, found that the wet soils created by this phenomenon were 3-5 times more water-rich than surrounding soils — and they were also full of organic matter, including microbes, enhancing the potential for life on Mars. The elevated salt content also depresses the freezing temperature of the groundwater, which continues to draw moisture out of the air when other wet areas in the valleys begin to freeze in the winter.

Though Mars, in general, has lower humidity than most places on Earth, studies have shown that it is sufficient to reach the thresholds that Levy and his colleagues have documented. The salty soils also are present on the Red Planet, which makes the upcoming landing of the Mars Science Laboratory this summer even more tantalizing.

via Salty soil can suck water out of atmosphere: Could it happen on Mars? — ScienceDaily.

This is from February 27, 2012. Calcium chloride is so hygroscopic that it  is a deliquescent salt, meaning that in a humid environment, it removes sufficient water from the air to dissolve itself and form a solution. Other deliquescent salts include calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, zinc chloride, potassium carbonate, potassium phosphate, carnallite, ferric ammonium citrate, potassium hydroxide, and sodium hydroxide.

 

 

 

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Texas Skydiver Falls 3,000ft And Survives

Posted by Anonymous on February 2, 2014

Makenzie Wethington with her fatherMakenzie Wethington after her injuryA 16-year-old girl from Texas has survived a fall of more than 3,000ft in a skydiving accident in Oklahoma.

Makenzie Wethington is in good condition, despite multiple injuries, including to her liver, pelvis lumbar spine in her lower back, shoulder blade and several ribs, trauma surgeon Jeffrey Bender said.

“I don’t know the particulars of the accident, as I wasn’t there. But if she truly fell 3,000 feet, I have no idea how she survived,” the surgeon from Oklahoma said.

Makenzie is expected to leave the intensive care unit soon, he said.

The teenager’s parents had allowed her to take the jump but father Joe has now said the skydiving company should not have allowed it.

The company involved has defended its decision, saying the father went up with his daughter and was the first to jump.

Robert Swainson, instructor and owner of the company involved, said Makenzie’s parachute had opened as it should have done but she began to spiral downward when the chute went up but not out.

He said skydivers were given instruction during a six-to-seven-hour training session on how to deal with such problems.

The instructor also said Makenzie had a radio hookup in her helmet through which someone gave her instructions.

“It was correctable, but corrective action didn’t appear to have been taken,” he said.

Mr Swainson said he did not jump out to help Makenzie because there was no way he could have reached her.

Also, he explained, another jumper had become scared and refused to make the jump so it was protocol for him to remain with the frightened person because instructors do not know what that person will do.

“The most I could have done is screamed,” he said.

Nancy Koreen, director of sport promotion at the US Parachute Association, said its safety requirements allow someone who is 16 to make a dive with parental consent, though some places set the age higher.

via Texas Skydiver Falls 3,000ft And Survives.

Amazing. Makenzie, hang in there. Wishing you as full a recovery as is humanly and medically possible. I hope we can see you up and walking around within a year! Take it slow.

Posted in Survival | 2 Comments »

Severe Drought Has U.S. West Fearing Worst

Posted by Anonymous on February 2, 2014

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The punishing drought that has swept California is now threatening the state’s drinking water supply.

With no sign of rain, 17 rural communities providing water to 40,000 people are in danger of running out within 60 to 120 days. State officials said that the number was likely to rise in the months ahead after the State Water Project, the main municipal water distribution system, announced on Friday that it did not have enough water to supplement the dwindling supplies of local agencies that provide water to an additional 25 million people. It is first time the project has turned off its spigot in its 54-year history.

State officials said they were moving to put emergency plans in place. In the worst case, they said drinking water would have to be brought by truck into parched communities and additional wells would have to be drilled to draw on groundwater. The deteriorating situation would likely mean imposing mandatory water conservation measures on homeowners and businesses, who have already been asked to voluntarily reduce their water use by 20 percent.

“Every day this drought goes on we are going to have to tighten the screws on what people are doing” said Gov. Jerry Brown, who was governor during the last major drought here, in 1976-77.

“We are on track for having the worst drought in 500 years,” said B. Lynn Ingram, a professor of earth and planetary sciences at the University of California, Berkeley.This latest development has underscored the urgency of a drought that has already produced parched fields, starving livestock, and pockets of smog.

Already the drought, technically in its third year, is forcing big shifts in behavior. Farmers in Nevada said they had given up on even planting, while ranchers in Northern California and New Mexico said they were being forced to sell off cattle as fields that should be four feet high with grass are a blanket of brown and stunted stalks.

Fishing and camping in much of California has been outlawed, to protect endangered salmon and guard against fires. Many people said they had already begun to cut back drastically on taking showers, washing their car and watering their lawns.

Rain and snow showers brought relief in parts of the state at the week’s end — people emerging from a movie theater in West Hollywood on Thursday evening broke into applause upon seeing rain splattering on the sidewalk — but they were nowhere near enough to make up for record-long dry stretches, officials said.

“I have experienced a really long career in this area, and my worry meter has never been this high,” said Tim Quinn, executive director of the Association of California Water Agencies, a statewide coalition. “We are talking historical drought conditions, no supplies of water in many parts of the state. My industry’s job is to try to make sure that these kind of things never happen. And they are happening.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/02/us/severe-drought-has-us-west-fearing-worst.html

Reduce use of washing machines. Take navy showers: Use water only to get wet, then turn the water off for soaping, then only on again briefly to rinse off. Turn automated watering systems off or down. Add a brick to the reservoir tank of your toilet so each flush uses less water. Buy or build a machine to extract water from the air. What else?

To check in the drought, go to

http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu

Posted in Earth, Survival | Leave a Comment »

Drinking water from air humidity

Posted by Anonymous on February 1, 2014

090605091856-largeNot a plant to be seen, the desert ground is too dry. But the air contains water, and research scientists have found a way of obtaining drinking water from air humidity. The system is based completely on renewable energy and is therefore autonomous.

Cracks permeate the dried-out desert ground, the landscape bears testimony to the lack of water. But even here, where there are no lakes, rivers or groundwater, considerable quantities of water are stored in the air. In the Negev desert in Israel, for example, annual average relative air humidity is 64 percent – in every cubic meter of air there are 11.5 milliliters of water.

Research scientists at the Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB in Stuttgart working in conjunction with their colleagues from the company Logos Innovationen have found a way of converting this air humidity autonomously and decentrally into drinkable water.

“The process we have developed is based exclusively on renewable energy sources such as thermal solar collectors and photovoltaic cells, which makes this method completely energy-autonomous. It will therefore function in regions where there is no electrical infrastructure,” says Siegfried Egner, head of department at the IGB.

The principle of the process is as follows: hygroscopic brine – saline solution which absorbs moisture – runs down a tower-shaped unit and absorbs water from the air. It is then sucked into a tank a few meters off the ground in which a vacuum prevails. Energy from solar collectors heats up the brine, which is diluted by the water it has absorbed.

Because of the vacuum, the boiling point of the liquid is lower than it would be under normal atmospheric pressure. This effect is known from the mountains: as the atmospheric pressure there is lower than in the valley, water boils at temperatures distinctly below 100 degrees Celsius. The evaporated, non-saline water is condensed and runs down through a completely filled tube in a controlled manner. The gravity of this water column continuously produces the vacuum and so a vacuum pump is not needed.

The reconcentrated brine runs down the tower surface again to absorb moisture from the air.

“The concept is suitable for various sizes of installation. Single-person units and plants supplying water to entire hotels are conceivable,” says Egner. Prototypes have been built for both system components – air moisture absorption and vacuum evaporation – and the research scientists have already tested their interplay on a laboratory scale. In a further step the researchers intend to develop a demonstration facility. …

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090605091856.htm

If we are going to extract water from the air, we need to do it sustainably and this seems like one of the best ways. Here’s another:

Airdrop is a low-cost, self-powered solution to growing crops in arid regions.

Inspired by Australia’s worst drought in a century, Mr Linacre – a former student at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne – turned to nature to find ways of capturing moisture from air.

He studied the Namib beetle, an ingenious species that lives in one of the driest places on earth.

With half an inch of rain per year, the beetle can only survive by consuming the dew it collects on the hydrophilic skin of its back in the early mornings.

Airdrop uses the same concept, working on the principle that even the driest air contains water molecules that can be extracted by lowering the air’s temperature to the point of condensation.

It pumps air through a network of underground pipes, to cool it to the point at which the water condenses, delivering water directly to the roots of plants.

James Dyson said: ‘Biomimicry is a powerful weapon in an engineer’s armoury. Airdrop shows how simple, natural principles like the condensation of water, can be applied to good effect through skilled design and robust engineering.

http://www.gizmag.com/airdrop-wins-james-dyson-award/20471/

airdrop-system

Cool. I wonder if I could combine the two ideas. I like the AirDrop device because it is small. That little bulb is an air turbine powered by a solar panel on top. Air enters the underground housing where water condenses out on copper wool-filled copper tubing. Where can I buy one?

Posted in Survival, Technology | 2 Comments »

Bill Gates predicts an end to poverty in 20 years

Posted by Anonymous on January 22, 2014

[Billionaire Bill Gates] writes: ‘I am optimistic enough about this that I am willing to make a prediction.

‘By 2035, there will be almost no poor countries left in the world. (I mean by our current definition of poor.)

‘Almost all countries will be what we now call lower-middle income or richer.’

Gates said around 70 per cent of countries will have a higher per-person income by 2035 than China does now. Nine out of ten countries will be above today’s average income levels in India in two decades time, the tech mogul also claims. …

Despite his optimistic take on the world, Gates admits that inequality will exist in every region. However he admits that some countries will be held back by war and politics, citing North Korea as an example. Geography will also hinder certain nations like the landlocked states of central Africa.

Today, China’s income per person has increase by eightfold and India’s has quadrupled; Brazil’s has gone up five times and Botswana has seen an incredible 30-fold increase in earnings.

The Gates report points out that although the percentage of very poor people has dropped by more than half since 1990, there is still one billion people existing in extreme poverty.

With a lot of work still to do, Gates nevertheless says that there are improvements for people across the world which are undeniable.

He writes: ‘There is a class of nations in the middle that barely existed 50 years ago, and it includes more than half of the world’s population.’

The foundation is committed to improving the lives of people in Third World countries. Bill Gates has donated $28 billion to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which funds projects across the world in agriculture, education and health.

For example, across Africa, the Gates’ foundation provides vaccine delivery and treatments for HIV, malaria and polio along with family planning and agricultural development.

According to a report by Oxfam this week, Gates and the other 84 richest people in the world now have as much money as the 3.5 billion poorest put together.

http://www.infowars.com/bill-gates-predicts-an-end-to-poverty-in-20-years/

Cool. Go Bill, go. Just handing over wealth is not the answer, you have to build infrastructure, teach new ways, and then we can sell computers to a billion more people. … But first, people need food, water, shelter, jobs… And what about ending war while we are at it?

Posted in Food, Survival | Leave a Comment »

 
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