Prof. Dr. Motoharu Yoshida- Prof. Dr. Motoharu Yoshida and colleagues from Boston University investigated how the rhythmic activity of nerve cells supports spatial navigation. The research scientists showed that cells in the entorhinal cortex, which is important for spatial navigation, oscillate with individual frequencies. These frequencies depend on the position of the cells within the entorhinal cortex. “Up to now people believed that the frequency is modulated by the interaction with neurons in other brain regions”, says Yoshida. “However, our data indicate that this may not be the case. The frequency could be fixed for each cell. We may need new models to describe the contribution of rhythmic activity to spatial navigation.” The researchers report in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Rhythmic brains find their way
The brain seems to represent the environment like a map with perfect distances and angles”, explains Yoshida. “However, we are not robots with GPS systems in our head. But the rhythmic activity of the neurons in the entorhinal cortex seems to create a kind of map.” The activity of individual neurons in this brain region represents different positions in space. If an animal is in a certain location, a certain neuron fires. The rhythmic activity of each cell may enable us to code a set of positions, which form a regular grid. Computer simulations of previous studies suggested that signals from cells in other brain regions influence the rhythmic activity of the entorhinal neurons. …
via GPS in the head?.
Archive for September 15th, 2011
Posted by Xeno on September 15, 2011