Social acumen equals spatial skill, psychologist finds
Posted by Xeno on July 28, 2011
Amy Shelton is a professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University.
Lisa DeNike- People who are socially skilled – who are adept at metaphorically putting themselves in someone else’s shoes – are also more proficient when it comes to spatial skills, according to a new study led by a Johns Hopkins University psychologist.
The study, published online in today’s Journal of Experimental Psychology, found that the more socially accomplished a person is, the easier it is for him or her to assume another person’s perspective (literally) on the world.
“The results were striking: there was a profound difference in this ability among people with better social skills and those with weaker ones,” said study leader Amy Shelton, a professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at the Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and Sciences.
Shelton said that the study results could eventually lead to improved strategies to help people on the autism spectrum – notable for their lack of social awareness and skills – compensate for this weakness.
In the study, 48 men and women ages 18 to 22 viewed a model of buildings constructed from LEGOs ®. A series of seven figures (one time it was 13″ faceless “dolls,” a second time it was toy cameras and a third time it was colored plastic triangles) was arrayed around the building model. Participants then viewed images on laptop computers, each of which corresponded to the would-be visual perspective of one of the figures (dolls, cameras, triangles) and were asked which figure could “see” that view of the buildings displayed on the computer screen.
The study subjects also completed a pencil-and-paper test designed to assess the degree to which adults of normal intelligence showed five different traits associated with autism spectrum disorders: social skills, perseveration, attention to detail, communication, and imagination. Of particular interest in this inquiry were the social and communication scores, as those are aligned with typical social behaviors, Shelton said.
The critical finding was that there was a strong correlation between overall social acumen and the study subjects’ accuracy in taking the perspective of the figures only when the figures were dolls, and not when the figures were the toy cameras or triangles. …