This image provided by the Hunan Provincial Museum shows figurines of musicians, from the Western Han dynasty. Wood with pigments, it was excavated in 1972 from Han Tomb 1 at Mawangdui, Hunan province of China.
Lady Dai was a Chinese nobleman’s wife in her mid-50s when she died of a heart attack. She was overweight, had diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, liver disease, gallstones and her arteries were almost totally clogged.
She didn’t live the healthiest life but she left behind one of the most perfectly preserved bodies in history. She was buried about 2,100 years ago. Her tomb was found in the early 1970s on Mawangdui, a hill in Changsha, near the capital of Hunan Province in China. More than 1,400 equally well-preserved artifacts found around her were designed to help her in the afterlife.
“The Han Dynasty is the foundation of Chinese culture,” Susan Tai, Curator of Asian Art for the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, said. “We are looking at a tomb in Southern China from a very important cultural region that contributed some of the greatest literature and mythology and art to China.”
The museum will host “Noble Tombs at Mawangdui” from Sept. 19 to Dec. 13. The exhibition of Lady Dai artifacts from the Hunan Provincial Museum stopped in New York earlier this year, then headed to Santa Barbara, about 90 miles west of Los Angeles.
There are 68 items in the collection. Ninety percent of those came from Lady Dai’s tomb because it was in such good condition.
Mawangdui was actually home to three tombs. Lady Dai’s husband, Li Cang, was the prime minister of Changsha. He died in 186 B.C., 20 some years before his wife died.
“His tomb was looted repeatedly in antiquity. There were no remains. All the treasures were gone. However, several coin-sized seals were found in the pit. They identified the tomb to be Li’s. They also helped identity his wife’s tomb,” Tai said.
The third grave, tucked slightly under Lady Dai’s, is believed to be that of one of the couple’s two sons, although some believe it was Li’s brother. The man apparently died in his 30s. There were skeletal remains and many artifacts in his tomb, including a library of 50 books written on silk and bamboo slips.
The volumes focused on the military and medicine, including sexual health. The items show women loved beauty and men attached importance to martial arts.
When Lady Dai’s tomb was first opened, there were gasps because there was no decay, Tai said. Oxygen took an immediate toll, but even today, her body is well preserved at the Hunan Provincial Museum.
Modern day scientists are still working on ways to preserve bodies as well as Lady Dai’s, but they’ve found several reasons why it remained in such good shape. Her family wrapped her in 22 dresses of silk and hemp, bound her with nine silk ribbons and covered her face with a mask. All the clothes filled the coffin and it was perfectly sealed, keeping air out. There were inner and outer tombs, like nesting boxes.
Nearly 20 gallons of an unknown liquid were found inside the coffin. A thick layer of white pastelike soil was put on the floor and the tomb was nearly 50 feet below the surface. She was surrounded by massive amounts of food, wine, lacquered dinnerware and drinking vessels, 46 bolts of silk, more clothes, books, makeup and other symbols of wealth. …
via Lady Dai tomb among richest finds in China history – Yahoo! News.