Xenophilia (True Strange Stuff)

Blog of the real Xenophilius Lovegood, a slightly mad scientist

42 Principles of Maat 2000 years before Ten Commandments

Posted by Anonymous on March 11, 2008

The Ten Commandments, eight of them at least, were taken from the Egyptian Principles of Ma’at written at least 2000 years earlier.

180px-maatsvg.png Written at least 2,000 years before the Ten Commandments of Moses, the 42 Principles of Ma’at are one of Africa’s, and the world’s, oldest sources of moral and spiritual instruction. Ma’at, the Ancient Egyptian divine Principle of Truth, Justice, and Righteousness, is the foundation of natural and social order and unity. Ancient Africans developed a humane system of thought and conduct which has been recorded in volumes of African wisdom literature, such as, these declarations from the Book of Coming Forth By Day (the so-called Book of the Dead), The Teachings of Ptah-Hotep, the writings of Ani, Amenemope, Merikare, and others.

One aspect of ancient Egyptian funerary literature which often is mistaken for a codified ethic of Ma’at is Chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead, often called the 42 Declarations of Purity or the Negative Confession. These declarations varied somewhat from tomb to tomb, and so can not be considered a canonical definition of Ma’at. Rather, they appear to express each tomb owner’s individual conception of Ma’at, as well as working as a magical absolution (misdeeds or mistakes made by the tomb owner in life could be declared as not having been done, and through the power of the written word, wipe that particular misdeed from the afterlife record of the deceased).

Many of the lines are similar, however, and they can help to give the student a “flavor” for the sorts of things which Ma’at governed—essentially everything from the most formal to the most mundane aspect of life.

Many versions are given on-line, unfortunately seldom do they note the tomb from which they came or, whether they are a collection from various different tombs. – wiki

Here is one collection to give you the general idea:

File:Moses bas-relief in the U.S. House of Representatives chamber.jpg

Moses marble bas-relief, one of 23 reliefs of great historical lawgivers in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives in the United States Capitol. Sculpted by Jean de Marco in 1950. Diameter 28 inches. He’s very pale and has a beard.

I have not done iniquity.
I have not robbed with violence.
I have not stolen.
I have not made any to suffer pain.
I have not defrauded offerings.
I have done no murder nor bid anyone to slay on my behalf.
I have not trimmed the measure.
I have not spoken lies I have not robbed God.
I have not caused the shedding of tears.
I have not dealt deceitfully.
I have not acted guilefully.
I have not laid waste to the land.
I have not set my lips against anyone.
I have not been angry or wrathful without a just cause.
I have not lusted nor defiled the wife of any man.
I have not polluted myself.
I have not caused terror.
I have not done that which is abominable.
I have not multiplied words exceedingly.
I have never uttered fiery words.
I have not judged hastily.
I have not transgressed nor have I vexed or angered God.
I have not stopped my ears against the words of Right and Truth .
I have not burned with rage.
I have not worked grief.
I have not acted with insolence.
I have not avenged myself.
I have not stirred up strife.
I have not been an eavesdropper.
I have not wronged the people
I have done no harm nor have I done evil
I have not worked treason.
I have never fouled the water.
I have not spoken scornfully.
I have never cursed God.
I have not behaved with arrogance.
I have not envied or craved for that which belongs to another.
I have not filched food from the mouth of the infant.
I have done no hurt unto man, nor wrought harm unto beasts.
I have never magnified my condition beyond what was fitting.

Here is a different translation showing how they correlate with the 10 commandments. Moses, if he existed, (there is no undisputed historical/archaeological evidence that he did), was an Egyptian. According to stories, he was adopted by an Egyptian royal family. If that were true he would have been familiar with these principles. If there was no historical Moses, then others most likely borrowed a few if the Principles of Maat when composing the Ten Commandments.

THE 42 COMMANDMENTS OF ANCIENT EGYPT
I.  Thou shalt not kill, nor bid anyone kill.
II.  Thou shalt not commit adultery or rape.
III. Thou shalt not avenge thyself nor burn with rage.
IV. Thou shalt not cause terror.
V. Thou shalt not assault anyone nor cause anyone pain.
VI. Thou shalt not cause misery.
VII. Thou shalt not do any harm to man or to animals.
VIII. Thou shalt not cause the shedding of tears.
IX. Thou shalt not wrong the people nor bear them any evil intent.
X. Thou shalt not steal nor take that which does not belong to you.
XI. Thou shalt not take more than thy fair share of food.
XII. Thou shalt not damage the crops, the fields, or the trees.
XIII. Thou shalt not deprive anyone of what is rightfully theirs.
XIV. Thou shalt not bear false witness, nor support false allegations.
XV. Thou shalt not lie, nor speak falsely to the hurt of another.
XVI. Thou shalt not use fiery words nor stir up any strife.
XVII. Thou shalt not speak or act deceitfully to the hurt of another.
XVIII. Thou shalt not speak scornfully against others.
XIX. Thou shalt not eavesdrop.
XX. Thou shalt not ignore the truth or words of righteousness.
XXI. Thou shalt not judge anyone hastily or harshly.
XXII. Thou shalt not disrespect sacred places.
XXIII. Thou shalt cause no wrong to be done to any workers or prisoners.
XXIV. Thou shalt not be angry without good reason.
XXV. Thou shalt not hinder the flow of running water.
XXVI. Thou shalt not waste the running water.
XXVII. Thou shalt not pollute the water or the land.
XXVIII. Thou shalt not take God’s name in vain.
XXIX. Thou shalt not despise nor anger God.
XXX. Thou shalt not steal from God.
XXXI. Thou shalt not give excessive offerings nor less than what is due.
XXXII. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods.
XXXIII. Thou shalt not steal from nor disrespect the dead.
XXXIV. Thou shalt remember and observe the appointed holy days.
XXXV. Thou shalt not hold back the offerings due God.
XXXVI. Thou shalt not interfere with sacred rites.
XXXVII. Thou shalt not slaughter with evil intent any sacred animals.
XXXVIII. Thou shalt not act with guile or insolence.
XXXIX. Thou shalt not be unduly proud nor act with arrogance.
XL. Thou shalt not magnify your condition beyond what is appropriate.
XLI. Thou shalt do no less than your daily obligations require.
XLII. Thou shalt obey the law and commit no treason.
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42 Responses to “42 Principles of Maat 2000 years before Ten Commandments”

  1. revolutionaryempress said

    Hotep, King. Thank you for this Knowledge. May the ancients continue to guide and bless you…

    HTP
    Queen Tiye

    • First of all, do you people know not that those of old reverence themselves as “Gods” “Goddesses”? Every Law they set was inspired by self and not by The Most High. The word “God” in the past reference one who was in control, leader, or one of authority which means if Obama or Beyounce was back then he would be a “GOD/Goddesses”. Thank the Most HIgh he has given me revelations that go far beyond what so many of you simple people understand. You all would worship anything and everything except for the right thing. That’s why the world is in chaos today. You don’t need a “God”, “Goddess” or the spirits of old to reach the father. If you search deep within yourself with true love for the creator and put away foolish traditions he would find you. You wouldn’t have to go whoring around wiht the “Book of the Dead”, King James Bible or other idolatry to reach The Most HIgh…….

      • RO87 said

        egypt is our culture. we were kings and queens we are gods. there are things in this world no one would ever understand because the man has them thinking with a closed mind open that third eye ptah (our creator) gave your and see things for what they really are. black men and women are the most special beings in the first five galaxies including thins one. we can do amazing things once we stop wearing fake hair and listening to 2 chainz.

  2. Jonathan Emmanuel Campbell said

    Love Queen/King,
    I pray good health to You and Yours, Children, Adults and Elders. Generations of Love to Almighty Mother ,Father and our Generation of Love, Who Bless Us all with Love.

    Yours Truly,
    Jonathan.

  3. dianenkam said

    i just want thank to the king .the ma’at are the main principles in our life.

  4. stevi lee said

    all thanks to god, life itself, encounterments, and my parents who have lead me to truth!

  5. kweku said

    The balancing of the land lies in Ma’at. Do Ma’at and live!

  6. ENJOYED FOR YEARS. hAVE A POSTER ON MY WAL FOR JUST AS MANY YEARS.

    Good principles to live by for the whole world
    These words are not a myth.

  7. On My living room wall

  8. Judi said

    Framed and hanging in my kitchen. A very dear friend stated to me that it is impossible to achieve but I told him that a man’s heart was weighed against the Maat feather during judgement. So one doesn’t have to be perfect but should have a pure heart and good intentions towards others.

  9. Sarah Davis said

    Hotep,
    Ma’ta’s 42 principles are said with a more positive point of refrence… I have not v/s I shall not (10 commendments)

  10. MENAYAME NDOMA said

    It’s known 2day dat it’s not whites who taught Blacks(Afrikans) about God,his commandments,rules or principles.Afrika’s the cradle of humanity where everythg began,nd evrybdy came frm.They stole,copied,distorted,modified,then claimed it theirs…

    • Tiger Lily said

      I don’t mean to be rude, but this is not about black or white. This is a post about the history of theological beliefs. Moses was indeed adopted by the Egyptian royals and would clearly have known the laws of Goddess Ma’at. He would have used that knowledge to convert his followers. You see, people don’t always follow a completely new idea. Often there has to be some form of familiarity to convince people to a new way of thinking. Moses did that. Christians later did that to Pagans…etc. It’s actually very political. He wanted an uprising. He wanted people to follow him. He needed to convince them. How better than to preach something they already knew? So this has NOTHING to do with white or black and I find it so infuriating that someone always makes a racist remark. It’s politics. It’s theology. But this is not black against white or vice versa.

      • Chudifu said

        @Tiger, could you extend your analysis from Moses…to how Christians doing it to Pagans, ….etc and then, I need connection on the place of Jesus and then I am concerned about connecting it too in finding the place of Islam/Mohammed in this political aspect of theology? If you can send me mail, better: kcprice01@hotmail.com Thanks..

      • SPARROW said

        but this is not about being rude my friend…as a matter of fact the preceding comment is very true the whites were out numbered by far and they did steal the culture of the original native peoples and pass it off as theirs. they violently took that which belonged to ancient Africa!!!

      • SPARROW said

        BTW moses never actually existed neither did jesus as stated in the bible

  11. Publius Freedman said

    Powerful. Sadly, most native/African people have been caught up on pseudo-religions of their European and Saudi Arabian oppressors, and today, are lost as to their original religions and spirituality. May we free ourselves from mental and spiritual bondage that keeps us enslaved to whatever the system wants us to do, think, say.

  12. Nkosinathi Mbolekwa ( Nyathi ) said

    Was looking for the 42 declarations of kush as these have also been called but didn’t know that they are also known as the Principles of Ma’at. Exemplary research and very informative even about the Book of Coming Forth By Day (the so-called Book of the Dead)

    Thank you and Shalom

    Kohen Nkosinathi Nyathi

  13. Xeno said

    There is a real historical reason that Mel Brooks dropping some of the commandments still cracks me up. I believe the Ten Commandment really are a subset of the 42 Principle of Maat.

    Of course it happened, you can watch Mel Brooks dropping them yourself. ;-)

    • SPARROW said

      lies lies lies…all lies. this never happened!!!

    • Interpreting the Negative Confessions as”commandments of Maat” misses the whole original point by a mile. The original concept was that if these confessions are in your heart and come from there, you are a pure person, therefore you can go on. The Ten Commandments, on the other hand, tells you what you should and shouldn’t do, otherwise you will be punished. If you need fear of punishment to keep you from the things in the negative confessions, you are in no way fit to go on to Amenti.

  14. These laws are for the Most High’s chosen people, Black people. Walk in your holy spirit and walk with HIM. GET RIGHT, BECAUSE HE IS HERE..He is walking amongst his chosen, the 12 Tribes of Israel

    • Hebrew brother lost in the wilderness of North Dakota (Hblwnd) said

      Baruch Ha Shem Yah-ho-vah! “Blessed be the Name of Yah-ho-vah!” Thank you for that knowledge sister. I have a brother who is Kemetic and I am a Hebrew. He sent me to this website because his daughter was just born and he named her Ma’at. So now I know what Ma’at is. After reading all of these posts from other Egyptian centered people it’s good to hear from one of my people.

      The “New Covenant” spoken of by our Christian brothers and sisters is a “Re-newed” Covenant for the House of Israel and the House of Judah (Hebrews 8). There are twelve gates to the Holy City to come down from Heaven from which Yah-ho-vah will reign over the entire universe: one gate for each of the 12 tribes! It is in this Hebrew context that our knowledge must be disseminated to our brothers and sisters. Spread the word to muslims, Kemetics, pagans, etc. The Elohim of Yisrael is the Creator of the Universe! Of a surety Egypt has gods whom were worshipped by Africans and still are, and perhaps they impart some knowledge to them. But Yah-ho-vah is the God of gods!

      Devarim (Deuteronomy) 10:17
      Yah-ho-shua (Joshua) 22:22
      Psalms 136:2

      He has power to execute judgment over and punish the gods of Egypt (Shemot or Exodus 12:12 and Devarim 33:4) which means that these beings are fallible and below the Creator of the Universe, Adonai Yah-ho-vah!

      Our fathers Avra-am, Yitzhak, and Yisrael were black men of a certainty just like the ancient Egyptians. As the brothers stated on this page, our prophet Moshe was adopted by the royal family of Egypt so he had to look like them, were educated by them, and at some time may have worshipped like them. But Moshe and our forefathers possessed a higher calling than did the Egyptians who worshipped “gods” which translates to “watchers” or “watchmen”. These beings are an enigma for us speakers of English because we have no accurate name for them and use the small “g” term “gods”. Remember Yah-ho-vah made Moshe a “god” over pharoah (Shemot 7:1)

      So should we follow the wisdom of these people who worshipped “gods” or should we follow the wisdom given to us by the Creator of the Universe in the Torah and the Tanach?

      • Xeno said

        Congratulations to Ma’at! May she live a long and happy life. Yes, I believe it is clear that The Commandments are taken from Ma’at.

        Much is hidden in plain sight in our shared history. It is scattered between religions and cultures.

        The watchmen are not, after all, so mysterious, I offer. The ancient Egyptians watched them with architecture. As the ancients watched over their sheep day and night, they noticed something in the night sky seemed to be watching them, too. Perhaps also protecting them, as they protected their sheep. The gods were wanders, watchers, and messengers at different times in different cultures. They were also called arch angels because in the arch of the sky (the heavens), they wandered with respect to the rest of the regular moving stars. Angelos in Greek means messenger. Mercury was the winged messenger, the fastest of the gods. Indeed the planet mercury, being the closest planet to the sun, moves the fastest compared to the background of the stars (aka, the heavens). Yes, the watchmen, the angels, they are the same thing. They are REAL! People saw them and you can too. They were mysterious to the ancients, but we know them much better today. Our government has made contact with them. We are currently probing one of them with a remote controlled mechanical device.

        They are known to us today… As planets.

        When the bible and other ancient books were written, everyone knew they were up there, but no one really knew why some points of light in the night sky behaved differently. Not knowing is something many humans then (and now) find disgraceful and embarrassing, so … they made up a bunch of stories which were told and retold verbally.

        Eventually some were written down. People prayed to the planets, worshiped them, even sacrificed animals and other humans to them. The more they invested in their stories of the gods, the more important it became … to kill anyone who thought their ideas were wrong. Over thousands of years the stories merged and morphed and divided and terms that originally referred to something concrete ( certain points of light in the sky) became abstract and mysterious.

        Yes, celebrate the Egyptian point of view, the contribution to our rich history of discovery. Also celebrate the Hebrew, the Greek, the Roman, the Iranian, the Persian, the Italian, these and many others have built our current world.

      • Johnny Blaze said

        You should to pick up this book: The Moses Mystery: The Egyptian Origins of the Jewish People

        Where is the historical evidence for ancient Israel’s Exodus from Egypt?

        Sure to cause controversy in both academic and religious circles, The Moses Mystery examines the troubling question of why ancient Israel has no archaeological or documentary presence prior to and just after the Exodus from Egypt and challenges the conventional wisdom on the origins of the pre-Exodus Bible stories.

        Although the bible says that Israel’s formative history took place in ancient Egypt, biblical scholars and Egyptologists have steadfastly refused to explore the role of Egyptian history and literature on the origins of Jewish religion. Greenberg attempts to set the record straight. Marshaling an astounding amount of research in the fields of biblical archaeology and Egyptian history, literature, and mythology, Greenberg shows that the first Israelites were native Egyptians and that the history of Israel before the Exodus is based almost entirely on Egyptian mythology.

        Some of the many intriguing revelations in The Moses Mystery include

        ● The Twelve Tribes of Israel never existed.
        ● Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were characters from Egyptian mythology. The biblical story of Jacob and Esau, for example, draws together several myths about the Egyptian gods Horus and Set (the feuding twin brothers who fought even in their mother’s womb) and weaves them into a story about biblical patriarchs.
        ● The first Israelites were Egyptians, followers of Pharaoh Akhenaten, whose attempts to introduce monotheism into Egypt engendered rage among the religious establishment.
        ● Moses served as chief priest in Akhenaten’s cult and, after Akhenaten’s death, had to flee Egypt to avoid execution.
        ● Pharaoh Horemheb waged a bitter campaign to eradicate all vestiges of Akhenaten’s heresy, eliminating the evidence stone by stone and word by word. As a result, Akhenaten remained lost to history until nineteenth-century Egyptologists discovered the ruins of his capital city.
        ● When Horemheb died, Moses returned to Egypt, united his followers with other enemies of Egypt, and attempted to seize the throne from Ramesses I. The coup failed, but to avoid a civil war Moses and his allies were allowed safe passage out of Egypt. This was the real Exodus.
        ● After entering Canaan, the Egyptian followers of Moses formed military alliances with local Canaanite kings and with some of the recently arrived Greek invaders known as the Sea Peoples. This non tribal alliance of small kingdoms and city-states became biblical Israel.

        Lastly, Before there was Yah-ho-vah, before there was Allah, before there was any other God, There was Amen-Ra. He was there at the birth of all other gods. There was no God before him. All Praise Is Due to Amen-Ra the most high.

      • KING MENES AMEN-RA said

        YOU CAN NOT DO THAT TAKING MA’AT AND TRYING TO MIX IT WITH OTHER RELIGION YOU REALLY DO NOT OVERSTAND THE KEY

  15. Ann said

    XXX. Thou shalt not steal from God

    Does that mean it is possible to steal from God, that is, to take something from God without his awareness and possibly even get away with it? Wow! (Even if it’s not omniscient God of the Judeo-Christian tradition, it’s still quite a feat.) And, how we limit what we can possibly do. Things like healing the sick, raising the dead, levitation, walking on water … – mere child’s play in comparison.

    But, of course, it might refer to pride, thinking we are God-like. But, that’s no big deal. Most of us do that on a regular basis anyway …… unfortunately.

    • Xeno said

      Fine… I admit it, I stole an electric razor, two bars of soap and this blog from God. It was too easy. A tall ladder, some quiet shoes… God takes little naps and one God day is like a billion earth days.

    • Ramy said

      I guess stealing from God is like taking credit for something that we have not done. For example, you have been blessed with a certain gift which God has given you, and you claim credit for this having this gift.

      • Xeno said

        The same idea works in a godless deterministic world where consciousness is an illusion. No one can take credit for anything when there is no free will. We do what we must. If you steal from God, it was “God’s will” that you do so. It can not be otherwise. I must go to the gym now. I will steal muscle soreness from God.

  16. Tiger Lily said

    The thing everyone seems to forget is that for the most part, all religions preach the same things because they steal from each other. There are political motivations involved everytime a new religion is started or an old religion is overthrown. People didn’t just say “Oh, God chose me to tell you about him and to tell you to have a good day. bye bye.” No. They created uprisings, had rebellions, and overthrew governments. They mixed beliefs to appease the overthrown and then created new ideas because it was in their best interest. It has nothing to do with race. The ancient Egyptian religion did not at any time say that their race was better than anyone else’s. They did not run to other countries trying to convert them. No, they knew their beliefs. They knew their Gods. They also knew that they were judged individually based on their own life, not anyone else’s. I myself am Kemetic Orthodox. Am I of African descent? Not in the least, I’m as white as a white girl can get. However, I don’t go around telling people to worship my way. It’s not my place to judge. It’s not anyone’s place to judge, remember? Are the commandments based on the confessions of Ma’at. Absolutely. Moses wanted an uprising, he had political motivation, and he needed a reason and some basis of familiar ground to convince the masses. Brilliant political strategy. But that’s all it was. Entire religions are built on political strategy. Empires are destroyed in the name of God. They are also created in the same name. Funny how that works, isn’t it? But nobody ever remembers that.

    • Bakele Mansur said

      You are dead on sister…except where we all get caught up. Black and white are not skin tones. They are actually dividing tools that establish status. White emplies that you are a sovereign, noble, or national of a land. Black implies that you are dead or a object of servatude (sub-human). We are all connected and all are specific to our climate. Blockage of the tymus gland is really the only difference due to the fact that it regulates a lot of our emotions and thoughts. We have to get on the right track by eating better, and being free to meditate without interruption in a non-hostile environment. We have to cleanse our bodies and minds of all the toxans. Peace

      • SPARROW said

        tiger u r bias, u do not accept truth, racism and religion started when the whites arrived, before that people were spiritual not religious

  17. Booker Warren said

    Start your research with YAHWEH.

  18. sam said

    people want people get simple so by telling me what is right and wrong will change things now no, you though by teaching over the years to stand up fight if some one hityou hit back .who started the gangs you did they are your kids this will run its course you watch your creation, you have done a fine job teaching your kids, be proud and loud

  19. Prince Kafesu said

    The pple of Egypt and probably those of the surrounding regions use these principles to gorven their daily lives. Amazing hey!!!

  20. santana said

    i feel empowered. i appreciate this knowledge regardless of how it has been distorted over the centuries. i look for truth due to how i am at odds with the world systems of politics and economies. black or white, we dont know how we got here or why but we are here and i think its pertinent that we strive for a better life for all. if one person lives in peril….eventually we all will. this is why we strive for knowledge of the creator to govern justly among us. obviously, we lack the fortitude.

  21. Luca Lotto said

    yes, this fellow is really cool, indeed.

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  23. Reblogged this on Not yet uhuru….

  24. Ray said

    To those who don’t understand why these things become a black or white thing. The answer… well black people go to this place of anger because, why is this not in the history books or places where people of the world can see we not just people creating gangs OR DUNKING BALLS. Its funny to me that when it comes to any other race they get their credit but us we have to fly around the internet or hear from elders to find truth whyyyyyyyyyyyy…. Give us our credit for the history thats been taking then maybe just maybe the separation can start to CHANGE ..GET IT CHANGE !!!!!!! Marcus Garvey ,Fredrick Douglas, Book t Washington, and W.e.b Dubois These were all great black man thats been written out of the history books of the 19 and 20 century, One worked with President Lincoln(civil war) one start a college(Tuskegee University) one went to Harvard Unversity(Phd) all started news papers read all over the world..That is why it hasn’t stopped, because we been removed. and we are still being removed today…RACISMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMM !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  25. Cherise said

    No one understands the Source of all life, so the best and only thing that we can do is to go within and become one with ourselves. That is the place where we meet our higher power, that is the only place that we meet ourselves as god. When we serve man, we are serving ourselves. There is nothing outside of self, so to be one with life and to love all of life unconditionally is true freedom and everlasting peace

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